Facial fractures are fractures (broken bones) of the face and mouth. They commonly include fractures of the nose (nasal), cheekbones (zygoma), surrounds to the eyes (orbit) and upper (maxilla) and lower (mandible) jaws.
If you suspect that you might have a facial injury, see our doctor as soon as possible. Some facial fractures can be life-threatening. Others can cause problems with your respiratory system, airway passages, central nervous system, or vision that can’t be reversed.
How will I know if I have a Facial Fracture?
Our doctor may perform a physical examination and types of tests depending on the type of injury you have.
The doctor will examine your face for any signs of swelling and pain. He’ll also check for any changes in mobility (whether you’re able to move parts of your face). You’ll probably have X-rays taken. Most fractures will show up clearly on these tests.
What’s the Treatment?
This depends on your specific injury, how bad it is, and whether you have any other problems at the time. Your doctor’s goal will be to put the bones back into their natural position. This is called “reducing” the fracture. He’ll also want to keep the bones in place to prevent further injury. Doctors call this “fixing” the fracture.
You may need surgery. If so, your doctor may use plates, screws, wires, or other devices to repair your injury. He will likely prescribe antibiotics to prevent infection.